Heat Exhaustion

Heat exhaustion is one of the most common heat-related conditions ranging from mild heat cramps to potentially life-threatening heatstroke. It is a condition marked by dizziness and nausea and weakness caused by depletion of body fluids and electrolytes due to heat.

Signs of Heat Exhaustion

Signs and symptoms usually start without warning, often after excessive exercise, heavy perspiration, and inadequate fluid or salt intake.

Here is a list of possible signs/symptoms a person may be suffering from heat exhaustion:

  1. Feeling faint or dizziness

  2. Nausea

  3. Sweating profusely

  4. Rapid, weak heartbeat

  5. Confusion

  6. Cramping

  7. Headache

  8. Heavily fatigued

  9. Dark-colored urine


What to Do

  1. Quickly get the person out of the sun and into a shady or air-conditioned area.

  2. Have the person lay down and slightly elevate the legs and feet.

  3. Loosen the person’s clothing.

  4. Have the person drink cool water or other nonalcoholic uncaffinated beverage.

  5. Spraying or sponging the person with cool water and fanning to bring his/her body temperature down.

  6. Carefully monitor the person.

  7. If fainting, confusion or seizures occur, call 911 or emergency medical help.